Amanothi okufunda wama-turbocharger

Emhlabeni, inhloso enkulu ukuthuthukisa ukonga kukaphethiloli ngaphandle kokuzinikela maqondana nanoma iyiphi enye indlela yokusebenza.Esinyathelweni sokuqala, ucwaningo lwepharamitha ye-diffuser ene-vaned lubonisa ukuthi ukuthuthukiswa kokusebenza kahle ezindaweni ezifanele zokusebenza kungenzeka ngezindleko zobubanzi obuncishisiwe bemephu.Ukuphetha ngemiphumela amajiyometri amathathu aguquguqukayo anobunzima obuhlukahlukene ngokusekelwe kuma-vaned diffuser adizayinelwe.Imiphumela evela endaweni yokuhlola igesi eshisayo kanye nemishini yokuhlola injini ibonisa ukuthi wonke amasistimu ayakwazi ukukhulisa ukusebenza kahle kwe-compressor futhi ngaleyo ndlela athuthukise ukonga kukaphethiloli kuhlu lokushayela oluyinhloko lezinjini ezisebenza kanzima.

Izinselele ezengeziwe zimelelwa isidingo sokuqina okuphezulu, ukukhishwa komsindo omncane nokusebenza okuhle kwesikhashana kwenjini.Ngakho-ke, ukuklanywa kwesistimu ye-compressor kuhlale kuvumelana phakathi kokusebenza kahle okuphezulu, ububanzi bemephu ebanzi, isisindo esiphansi se-impeller kanye nokuqina okuphezulu okuholela ezigabeni ze-compressor ezinokulahlekelwa okuphawulekayo kwe-aerodynamic kuhlu lokushayela oluyinhloko lwezimoto ezihamba isikhathi eside futhi ngaleyo ndlela ukwehla ukonga kukaphethiloli.Ukuxazulula le nkinga eyisisekelo yokuklama kwe-compressor ngokwethula i-geometry eguquguqukayo kungaholela ekwehlisweni kwezindleko eziphelele zobunikazi okuyindawo yokuthengisa ehamba phambili mayelana nezinjini ezisindayo.Ngaphandle kwama-valve aphinde asetshenziswe kuma-turbocharger emoto yabagibeli, ama-compressor ane-geometry eguquguqukayo awakayitholi indlela yawo ekukhiqizeni uchungechunge nakuba ucwaningo olunzulu selwenziwe kulo mkhakha.

Ama-compressor amathathu aguquguqukayo athuthukisiwe ngenhloso yokuthuthukisa ukonga kukaphethiloli ezinjinini ezithwala kanzima ebangeni eliyinhloko lokushayela ngaphandle kokuwohloka mayelana namandla alinganiselwe, i-torque ephezulu, ukuqina kokuqina nokuqina.Esinyathelweni sokuqala, izidingo zenjini maqondana nesiteji se-compressor ziye zatholwa futhi izindawo zokusebenza ze-compressor ezifanele kakhulu zikhonjiwe.Uhlu lokushayela oluyinhloko lwamaloli ahamba isikhathi eside luhambisana namaphoyinti okusebenza ngezilinganiso zokucindezela okukhulu nokugeleza kwesisindo esiphansi.Ukulahleka kwe-aerodynamic ngenxa yama-engeli agelezayo athinta kakhulu ku-vaneless diffuser kudlala indima enkulu kulobu bubanzi bokusebenza.

Ireferensi

BENDER, Werner;ENGELS, Berthold: VTG Turbocharger for Heavy Duty Commercial Diesel Applications With High Braking Performance.8. I-Aufladetechnische Konferenz.Dresden, 2002

I-BOEMER, A;I-GOETTSCHE-GOETZE, H.-C.;KIPKE, P ;KLEUSER, R ;I-NORK, B: Zweistufige Aufladungskonzepte fuer einen 7,8-Liter Tier4-final Hochleistungs-Dieselmotor.16.I-Aufladetechnische Konferenz.Dresden, 2011


Isikhathi sokuthumela: Mar-29-2022

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